The Gigafactory Is Really, Really Big!


The grand opening party for the Gigafactory, 20 miles west of Reno, is scheduled for tomorrow, July 29. But that is when the pomp and circumstance will take place. The more important stuff has already happened. Tuesday night, CEO Elon Musk, CTO JB Straubel, and Panasonic executive vice president Yoshihiko Yamada held a wide ranging press conference in which they laid out their vision and goals for the world’s largest battery factory.

The building we see today is only 14% of the size the Gigafactory will be when completed in a few years. By the way, Musk says it will take about 12 Gigafactories to make enough batteries to meet all the world’s power needs. That’s why this one is known as Gigafactory 1. Here are some of the highlights of that press conference.

Press conference at Gigafactory

On the Gigafactory

Musk: “The factory itself is considered to be a product. The factory is the machine that builds the machine. It actually deserves more attention from creative and problem solving engineers than the product it makes. What we’re seeing, if we take a creative engineer and apply them to designing the machine that makes the machine, they can make 5 times as much headway per hour, than if they work on the product itself.”

Musk added, “It may sound a little strange and sentimental but I find it to be quite romantic. The final shape will be a diamond, aligned on true north, I like that. It seems incredibly romantic. By the way there’s 10,000 wild horses in the area. They just hang out. We have construction ponds for water, so its quite cool to see the horses drink from the construction ponds.”

Yamada: “Three years ago I thought this gigantic Gigafactory idea was crazy. Because then the production of the factory would exceed production of the industry. I thought it was a crazy idea. But I was crazy, and I was wrong after seeing extreme success of the announcement of the Model 3 and the strong demand.”

The 2170 Battery Format

Straubel: “We’ve spent a lot of time on this actually. It’s kind of interesting. There are a bunch of trade offs. There are some things that get better when you make the cell size bigger, and some things that get worse. 18650 was sort of an accident of history. That was what was standardized for early products. So we revisited all of those trade offs and came to this size, which is quite a bit bigger. If you have them next to each other, the actual volume of materials inside is substantially more. And overall it’s about cost optimization.”

Musk: “It really comes from the first principles of physics and economics. That’s the way we try to analyze everything. To say like if no cell existed in the world, what size should it be? What is the size that would achieve the product characteristics we’re looking for, but would be fundamentally optimal? 18650 is not optimal.”

Paying For The Gigafactory

“One part of that is working with strategic partners like Panasonic. We are seeing very good participation from our supplier for the capital costs of the Model 3 ramp. So we are going to fund it by Model S and Model X revenue, with money we have right now, with potentially a modest capital raise, but not a significant one. In a nutshell, there may be a capital raise, but it’s not going to be a huge one.”

Panasonic’s Relationship With Tesla

Yamada: “I want to explain to you the relationship with Tesla and Panasonic. I used to be in charge of components five or six years ago. At that time our relationship with Tesla was one of supplier and customer. A conventional business relationship.

“But since we started discussion on the Gigafactory that’s completely changed. One example, is production capacity is now two or three times more. Why? Because Tesla and manufacturing people worked together. We are discussing these details. This type of relationship is quite new for business. We are not the simple buyer and supplier relationship.”

Source and photo credit: Fortune

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  • vensonata .

    Nothing on the site about the Powerwall 2…not a peep.

  • Kurt Lowder

    I am confused about 12 gigafactories to meet all the worlds power needs. does that include all the storage we need to be 100% renewable and enough batteries to electrify all of transportation. I thought it would take more than that. I think we will see much more. it would seem this would be a straight-forward calculation that someone or many must have already made

    • Steve Hanley

      You’re right. I think he meant for Tesla alone. 2 years ago at the World Energy Conference, he said the world will need “hundreds” of Gigafactories to meet all of its transportation and energy storage needs.